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Huipil, beautiful garment of indigenous women

Within the traditional clothing of our beautiful country, there is one that’s very special: the huipil. This garment is generally worn by indigenous women and stands out for its embroidered motifs filled with meaning.

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Ancestral tradition textile

From Nahuatl huipilli, the word huipil means blouse or ornate dress and its origin dates back to pre-Hispanic times. However, to this day it prevails and is a tradition in indigenous communities.


A rectangular cloth folded in half with an opening through the head is known as hupil. Although there are various sizes and models, depending on the region of the country. Sometimes it is also used loose, or a strap is tied around the waist.

What draws the attention of the design of the huipiles are its detailed embroidered motifs. Some are with geometric shapes, others with human, animal or flower figures. But the truth is that they all have a meaning according to the people who wears them.

These garments are more common in indigenous regions of: Puebla, Veracruz, Chiapas, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Yucatán, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Morelos, among others.

Uses and customs of the huipil

On the other hand, there are two types of huipiles, one can be used daily, but there are others for special days. This according to the customs of each region.

For example, there are areas where from a certain age, the woman uses a huipil of a more elaborate material. Whereas, in other places, the wedding attire must be the same that the woman uses in her death.


In this way, from the embroidery, colors or materials of the huipiles, it is possible to distinguish which community they come from. It is even possible to know the marital status of a woman in some communities.

Without a doubt, the manufacturing and beauty of the huipiles is proof of a valuable ancestral tradition that gives us identity. And whether it is for everyday life or for certain special occasions, indigenous women wear them with pride.

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