The pineapple flower dance originates from San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Oaxaca. This arose to exalt their indigenous roots 62 years ago and today it is very representative during the Guelaguetza.
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Dance that distinguishes the region
This joyous dance was born in 1958, when the governor was Alfonso Pérez Gasga. He commissioned the teacher Paulina Solís Ocampo, to come up with a dance that differentiated the region. And, as she was from the Papaloapan Basin, a region far from the capital and closest to Veracruz, she wanted to exalt the roots of the Basin to mark its Oaxacan identity.
To create this musical art form, the Art Education teacher investigated more about the clothing of the region. This is how the huipiles of the Cuenca communities got together. These are: San Miguel Solyatepec, San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, San Felipe Usila, Valle Nacional and San Felipe Jalapa de Díaz, San Lucas Ojitlán and San Pedro Ixcatlán.
Initially, she had problems with the young women from the communities because they could not easily move to rehearse. So she decided to gather women from Tuxtepec, who impressed with their presence during the dance. Then rehearsals began and this great dance was born.
Although the arts teacher was not paid, she received several accolades.
Dance of the pineapple flower, Oaxacan jewel
As for the music, it was composed by Samuel Mondragón (1884-1962). The dance lasts about 11 minutes and the dancers carry a pineapple on one of their shoulders. In addition to the colorful huipiles, the dancers are combed with a braid adorned with bold colored ribbons.
Over time and thanks to its elements, this dance turned Tuxtepec into a benchmark for folklore in Oaxaca. For this reason, it is one of the most anticipated dances during the celebrations of the traditional Guelaguetza festival.
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