One of the most important buildings in our country is Chapultepec Castle. This historic site is one of the most emblematic spaces we have, and today, we will tell you everything you need to know about this beautiful place.
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How did it started?
Chapultepec Castle is a construction that was built during the viceroyalty and was built by Viceroy Bernardo de Gálvez and Madrid, on the Chapulín hill. In fact, its name comes from the same hill. Well Chapultepec is a word of Nahuatl origin that is composed of Chapulli, grasshopper, and tepe (tl), hill. Therefore, Chapultepetl, means “hill of the grasshopper” or “hill of the chapulín”.
However, it was best known for being the official residence of the Mexican Emperor Maximilian I and for being the only royal castle that exists in all of America.
Chapultepec Castle, a stone witness
The castle witnessed several important facts that have shaped our identity. For example, the establishment of the Military College that gave life to the mythical story of the hero children. On the other hand, in 1847, it resisted the attack by the Americans, leaving it with great damage on its walls.
Later, and as we mentioned earlier, Maximiliano arrived at the castle, providing it with new spaces such as a roof garden, and others in the surroundings. In addition, a road at that time known as the “Paseo de la Emperatriz”, today, Paseo de la Reforma.
After the fall of the first and last Mexican empire, the castle was decreed in 1867 as the First Mexican Astronomical Observatory. Although this didn’t last long. It was not until 1882, that it was rescued again, becoming the official residence of President Porfirio Díaz.
Where history resonates and feeds the imagination
But this also came to an end and in 1939 President Lázaro Cárdenas named it National Museum of History. And it opened its doors to the public on September 27, 1944. Protecting one of the largest historical collections in the country.
Currently the museum has 12 permanent exhibition halls that present the country’s historical trajectory. From the Conquest, until the Mexican Revolution. Receiving thousands of people from all over the world with open arms.
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